For core computer users and enthusiasts alike, interest often revolves around the processing speed of laptops and computers. The processing speed of a computer or laptop determines how much information is fed into and retrieved from the device. Another important consideration is the processor itself. Internet professionals in the gaming industry work with something called the GPU.
So what does GPU stand for?
GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit. Structurally-speaking, a GPU is a component in a computer/laptop that enhances a computer’s ability to create and render computer graphics. It usually comprises a processing unit, memory, a cooling system as well as connections to a display device. A GPU also performs the task of improving all the videos, graphics, and animations displayed on a laptop’s screen.
Now that we know what a GPU stands for, the next question should be what does a GPU do? For starters, a GPU ensures that images and videos display in the proper format, on a computer’s screen
Types of GPU
It is important to note that there are two types of GPUs, deployed in laptop computers. The first type is the dedicated graphics card, while the second is called an integrated graphics processing unit.
We shall examine each type of GPU in more detail.
Dedicated Graphics Card
A dedicated Graphics card is also referred to by other names such as discrete, video card, a display card, or a graphics adapter. A key feature of a dedicated graphics card is that the user only needs to place the card in an expansion slot on the motherboard, close to the Central Processing Unit (CPU). You should also note that a dedicated graphics card comes with its Random Access Memory (RAM). This dedicated RAM makes the dedicated graphics card a powerful processor
Dedicated Graphics Card is also easy to replace or upgrade.
Integrated Graphics Processing Unit (IGPU)
An Integrated graphics processing unit also goes by other names such as shared graphics solutions, integrated graphics processors (IGP), or unified memory architecture (UMA). A key difference with an IGPU is that the processor comes built into the motherboard of the computer. An IGPU does not come with a dedicated RAM; it uses a portion of the computer’s RAM to perform its duties. This arrangement may lower the performance level of an integrated Graphics Processing unit.
Now that we know what GPU stands for, let us take a look at what a GPU does. The following are the real-life applications for a GPU:
- 1. GPUS are employed in powering gaming applications and consoles.
- 2. GPUs find widespread use in cloud gaming computing and applications
- 3. GPUs form an integral part of workstations. These workstations help with tasks such as video editing, encoding, decoding, transcoding, and rendering among others. 4. GPUs find application in Artificial intelligence training and cloud computing.